Egypt is the forerunner in all scientific fields
And literary and artistic works, and this topic is talking about one of the leading scholars of Egypt who excelled
American scientists and Europe, and was proud proud that Egypt has won the Nobel Prize in
Chemistry for the year 1999 alone, honored by Egypt and the world.
[Only registered and activated users can see this image] was born, Dr. Ahmed Zewail
In the city of Damanhur in the Arab Republic of Egypt and the twenty-sixth of February 1946, was born to an Egyptian family simple. Father was
Works technically observers health Desouk, which is the only brother of three Girls (ĺÇäă) an employee of the City Council
Desouk and married her cousin Salah Zewail (arrows) to education married and evaluate
In the center Qaleen and (grace), the local unit employee in Desouk and his family were driven to this
The success of the youngster has written on the door of his room d. Ahmed Zell Since his childhood, he being Statistics experiments on household appliances.
His primary education in Damanhur and then moved with the family to city headquarters Desouk work of his father
Where he completed his education up to secondary school and then joined the Faculty of Science, Alexandria University
In 1963 and earned a Bachelor of Science Department of Chemistry in 1967 with honors with
Honors. And he was staying during the college years the home of his uncle, the late Ali spring
Hammad Title 8 10 Mansheyet Aflaqh the St. Damanhour then got a certificate
Master’s degree from the University of Alexandria.
Ahmed Zewail future practice as a trainee in the company “Shell” in the city of Alexandria in 1966
And completed his postgraduate studies after that in the United States, where he received his Ph.D.
In 1974 from the University of Pennsylvania.
After the certificate
Doctorate, Dr. Zewail moved to the University of California, Berkeley
He joined the research team there. In 1976 he was appointed
Zewail at Caltech College, assistant professor of chemical physics and was at that time in
The age of thirty.
Succeeded in the post of professor of chemistry and in 1990 was honored to get the position
The first professor of chemistry at the Linus Pauling Institute at the age of second
Fifty Zewail won the Benjamin Franklin Award after scientific discovery
Stunning, known as the “second femtosecond” or “Femto-Second” which is the smallest unit of time in the second, and I have received
Prize in a large celebration was attended by 1,500 invited of the most famous scientists and public figures such as
Co Alasbakan of the United States of America Jimmy Carter and Gerald Ford and others.
The nomination of Dr. Ahmed Zewail, the Nobel Prize in chemistry and thus be the first Arab world
Muslim to win the award in chemistry since it was won by Dr. Naguib Mahfouz in 1988
In literature, the late President Anwar Sadat in peace in 1978. And Dr. Ahmad
Zewail four sons is married to “Dima Zeweil” a doctor working in the field of public health,
He currently lives in San Marino, California.
[Only registered and activated users can see this image] The section
New science, a second femtosecond was discovered in 1988 after several research
The experiments conducted in research laboratories at Caltech University, California, USA,
This startling discovery will be used extensively in many fields such as medicine,
Electronics, space science, chemistry, physics and others.
Dr. Zewail this startling discovery deserves to obtain him the Nobel Prize for chemistry because it enabled us
For the first time that the note sluggish imaging what happens during any chemical reaction, so we can
To explain many of the chemical equations and formulas that you do not understand difficult by such
Thou Hoff equation that won them the Nobel Prize.
Femtosecond is currently used in various parts of the world to understand the mechanical chemical reactions
That occur when melt any of the various chemicals in liquids or to develop the kinds of
New industrial materials for use in electronics is also used in research
For the study of different biological systems.
Mechanical chemical reactions also help us to control where some
Chemical reactions that we do for the production of a particular substance may result in some of the interactions
Other unwanted, which must be followed by cleaning and separation processes for the extraction
The required material, but only if we can control the chemical reactions we will be able to avoid
These reactions of others is required. The femtosecond chemistry may have changed our view of the interactions
Using chemical seconds femtosecond we can see the movements of atoms as Tejelnaha
Before using a special camera super speed.
Scientists around the world now second femtosecond in the study and analysis of many materials
Various forms of chemical liquid, solid and gaseous and their interactions with each other
The applications cover many areas ranging from the study of factors assist in the interactions
Chemical and how Electronic components are designed and molecules through to more accurately
Life processes such as medicine and how to develop it in the future.
Research and study in this area will help to discover other benefits to him and Ali interpretation
Flour for all the important concepts in chemistry such as the Union and the separation between chemicals
And other other important concepts.
[Only registered and activated users can see this image] The use of the camera
High-speed used by Dr. Ahmed Zewail makes viewing chemical reactions
During the occurrence of possible spectator can also be seen repatriation of the ball scene in the game
Also help us to explain the causes of some of the chemical reactions and the reasons for the lack of
Some of them as we can explain why those affected by interactions in terms of speed and results of the heat.
[Only registered and activated users can see this image] which won awards
Zewail of Egypt – U.S. recently became the focus of attention for all the people in Egypt
And the United States because of the great scientific achievements and winning on many
International scientific awards.
At the age of
Forty-fourth of California Foundation chose to Science and Technology Acanutorahmd the Zewail
To be the first professor of chemistry at the Linus Pauling Institute, has said Dr. Ahmed Zewail
It’s a great honor to get this title because I feel that bowling is the greatest chemical
The twentieth century and his accomplishments have had a big impact on my work and the work of each chemical in
Alexander von Award
Humboldt from West Germany and is the largest scientific prize there.
Buck Award and Tine
King Faisal Prize in science and physics in 1989.
Prize in Chemistry
· Benjamin Franklin Award
1998 for his work in the study
Chemical reaction at the time of micromachining (Femto-Second) called femtochemistry.
Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his achievements in the same field in 1999. Text of a resolution
of Sciences has awarded the 1999
Nobel Prize in Chemistry to
Professor Ahmed H. Zewail, California Institute of
Technology, Pasadena, USA
American prize (
Donated by President Bill Clinton).
The papacy, to become a member and get a golden Samaa in 2000.
Department of Energy Award
Annual U.S. in chemistry.
· Award “Kars” from the University of Zurich, in the chemistry and nature, and are
Swiss largest scientific prize.
Unanimously elected as a member
The American Academy of Sciences.
Put his name on the list
Honor in the United States of America.
· Vine Egypt, and
Won several awards, including Egyptian Great Collar of the Nile which is the highest decoration of Egypt, and launched
His name on some streets and squares of Egypt was honored him before receiving the Nobel Prize.
[Only registered and activated users can see this image] Nobel Prize:
Ahmed Zewail, the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1999 for his tremendous scientific achievements in the study of
And photographing atoms Moadalmokhtlfah. Through chemical reactions, has academic
Royal Canadian Science declaration win this award.
The reason for victory
Announced by the Academy Award as follows “for his studies of transition situations
And transformation of chemical reactions using a second femtosecond spectroscopy, “she said
The Academy Nobel Prize for Chemistry this year ستهدي to Dr. Ahmed Zewail
For his pioneering achievements in the basic chemical reactions using laser flashes
Short at the time of the interactions, and the contributions of Dr. Ahmed Zewail has revolutionized the
Chemistry and related sciences because this tremendous achievement we can understand and explain and predict
Many of the important interactions that could not have been observed before.
That the academic work of Dr. Ahmed Zewail in late 1980 led to the birth of Chemistry
Femtosecond “FemtoChemistry” of using a
Special high-speed cameras to observe chemical reactions quickly seconds femtosecond. It
Less time unit per second.
We’ve come to the end of the road, and that there is no chemical reactions occur more quickly
The speed of a second femtosecond. Now we can see the movements of individual atoms as
Imagine, those atoms are no longer invisible to us and I’ve got Dr. Ahmed Zewail by Ali
Award for his achievements in the field of physical chemistry from the California Institute of Technology
. In Pasadena in 1990.
The value of
Award approximately $ 960 thousand and سيتسلمها Dr. Ahmed Zewail, the tenth of December
Next, the day. Anniversary of the death of Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite
And founder of Nobel Jaúczh.
[Only registered and activated users can see this image] was received by Dr.
Ahmed Zewail, a standing ovation when he visited his native town of Damanhur, has launched his name on the
Many large enterprises in his honor on the scientific achievements and gratitude gratitude to his homeland
Colleagues at the University Caltech “The femtosecond chemistry may have made a new history in the field of
Chemistry, his work has been given realistic for the most important concepts such as how the chemical between Union
Molecules of chemical elements and how they are cleavage, while the world bowling his studies
Leader in engineering and science, the geometric shapes Ahmed Zewail is considered a pioneer in the study of
The extreme importance of time and motion in the chemical federations. ”
He said his colleague
Also at the University of Caltech “Most scholars, if fortunate enough during their scientific
Have added to the information and knowledge in their field so that benefit other than the
Those interested in this field, but most rare achievement and the greatest impact in the lives of the world is
Contribution in changing the way people think about a particular topic, and Ahmed Zewail has managed his knowledge
And his genius achieve this tremendous achievement in the field of chemistry. ”
He also said it
David Baltimore, professor of biology and president of Caltech University that “Caltech University who now lives
Years of success and excellence and happiness because of the access to first place this year
Between the universities of the United States of America as that among the members of the first in the world
This year’s chemistry Ahmed Zewail. ”
He said it
Rudolph Marcus, a professor of chemistry at Caltech University and winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
1992 “The work of Zewail has changed scientists look at the dynamics of chemical reactions change
Fundamentally, the study of the events and interactions of chemical, biological and physical
Occur in the second femtosecond is considered the greatest achievement of man during the last century. ”
Amr said of him
Moussa and Egyptian Foreign Minister that “Zewail achievement can not be described but
Wonderful, and added that Dr. Zewail deserves this award is well-deserved and deserves all the appreciation
And honor, and Dr. Zewail is a role model for all Egyptian, Arab and that his work stimulates all scientists
Egyptians to follow suit to provide more and more scientific progress.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, “said Dr. Ahmed Zewail, who holds
Egyptian and American citizenship has won the award because it was able to show the world that it is
Possible using modern laser technology watch and control the atoms which combine to form
Molecules during a chemical reaction, and his pioneering studies in the field of interactions
Chemical has added a lot to the science of chemistry and related sciences since late
1980, which saw the birth of the stunning discovery femtosecond chemistry using special cameras
High-speed imaging of chemical reactions as they occur. ”
[Only registered and activated users can see this image] also said the Academy ”
That the discovery of Dr. Ahmed Zewail has enabled us to see the motion of atoms as imaginable science and they did not
Longer invisible to us., Which is an unprecedented addition to this chemistry. ”
Ahmed Zewail currently many prestigious scientific functions, it is the first Professor of Chemistry
Physical Linus Pauling University and a professor of physics at the California University of Technology
And Director of Science Laboratory molecules at the U.S. National Institute of Science and finally it works
Editor of many articles and books and references in the field of physical chemistry.
A member of the
U.S. National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
And the Third World Academy of Sciences in Italy and the European Academy of Sciences and Arts
And humanities in France.
There are two books are the author, namely:
Book a trip through time .. Road to Nobel
The age of science book: has been Asdrah in the year 2005 and print 5 thereof editions, where the first edition carried
It within two hours of release.